What Are the Causes of Abnormal Menstruation?

Abnormal menstruation can encompass a variety of symptoms, including changes in the frequency, duration, and flow of menstrual bleeding. As The London Gynaecologist, I often address concerns related to abnormal periods, which can significantly impact a woman’s life. This article aims to explore the causes of abnormal menstruation and highlight when medical advice should be sought.

Understanding Abnormal Menstruation

Abnormal menstruation can manifest as heavy bleeding (menorrhagia), very light bleeding (oligomenorrhea), missed or irregular periods (oligomenorrhea), or bleeding between periods (metrorrhagia). Recognising what constitutes an abnormal period for you is crucial in identifying potential health issues.

Common Causes of Abnormal Menstruation

1. Hormonal Imbalances: Disruptions in the balance of estrogen and progesterone can lead to abnormal uterine bleeding.

2. Uterine Fibroids: These non-cancerous growths in the uterus wall can cause heavy or prolonged menstrual bleeding.

3. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS): PCOS can result in infrequent, irregular, or prolonged menstrual periods.

4. Endometriosis: This condition involves the growth of endometrial tissue outside the uterus, causing painful periods and abnormal bleeding.

5. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID): An infection of the reproductive organs can lead to irregular menstrual bleeding.

6. Thyroid Problems: Both an overactive and underactive thyroid can cause menstrual irregularities.

When to Seek Help

If you’re experiencing symptoms of abnormal menstruation, it’s important to consult a healthcare professional. Treatment for abnormal menstruation depends on the underlying cause, which can range from lifestyle changes to medication or surgery.

For further information on abnormal menstruation and how it can be managed, I encourage you to explore our dedicated resource here. Understanding the causes and seeking appropriate treatment are key steps towards improving your menstrual health and overall well-being.

Remember, you are not alone in this journey. With the right information and support, managing abnormal menstruation is possible.